Whole exome sequencing in a cohort of familial premature ovarian insufficiency cases reveals a broad array of pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in 50% of families - Maladies génétiques d'expression pédiatrique Access content directly
Journal Articles Fertility and Sterility Year : 2022

Whole exome sequencing in a cohort of familial premature ovarian insufficiency cases reveals a broad array of pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in 50% of families

Eli Rogers
  • Function : Author
Veronique Kerlan
  • Function : Author
Sophie Catteau-Jonard
  • Function : Author
Yves Reznik
  • Function : Author
Anne Gompel
  • Function : Author
Virginie Grouthier
  • Function : Author
Catherine Pienkowski
  • Function : Author
Anne Bachelot
  • Function : Author
Alexandra Rousseau
  • Function : Author
Tabassome Simon
  • Function : Author
Philippe Touraine
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Objective: To study the diagnostic yield, including variants in genes yet to be incriminated, of whole exome sequencing (WES) in familial cases of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Endocrinology and reproductive medicine teaching hospital departments. Patients: Familial POI cases were recruited as part of a nationwide multicentric cohort. A total of 36 index cases in 36 different families were studied. Fifty-two relatives were available, including 25 with POI and 27 affected who were nonaffected. Karyotype analysis, FMR1 screening, single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis, and WES were performed in all subjects. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was a molecular etiology, as diagnosed by karyotype, FMR1 screening, single nucleotide polymorphism array, and WES. Results: A likely molecular etiology (pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant) was identified in 18 of 36 index cases (50% diagnostic yield). In 12 families, we found a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant in a gene previously incriminated in POI, and in 6 families, we found a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant in new candidate genes. Most of the variants identified were located in genes involved in cell division and meiosis (n = 11) or DNA repair (n = 4). Conclusions: The genetic etiologic diagnosis in POI allows for genetic familial counseling, anticipated pregnancy planning, and ovarian tissue preservation or oocyte preservation. Identifying new genes may lead to future development of therapeutics in reproduction based on disrupted molecular pathways. Clinical Trial Registration Number: NCT 01177891. ((C) 2021 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.) El resumen esta disponible en Espanol al final del articulo.
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Dates and versions

hal-03678844 , version 1 (09-02-2023)

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Alexandre Rouen, Eli Rogers, Veronique Kerlan, Brigitte Delemer, Sophie Catteau-Jonard, et al.. Whole exome sequencing in a cohort of familial premature ovarian insufficiency cases reveals a broad array of pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in 50% of families. Fertility and Sterility, 2022, 117 (4), pp.843-853. ⟨10.1016/j.fertnstert.2021.12.023⟩. ⟨hal-03678844⟩
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